Under Illinois law, robbery is a theft crime that involves force or the threat of force. Without the presence of threatened or actual force, it does not qualify as robbery in Illinois. For more serious offenses, the perpetrator could face charges for aggravated robbery instead. To understand the difference between these two criminal offenses, it will be helpful to review important definitions and penalties under Illinois law.
What Qualifies as Robbery in Illinois?
720 ILCS 5/18-1 provides the definition of robbery in Illinois. Under this section, a person commits robbery when he or she:
- Intentionally takes someone else’s property; From the person or presence of the owner; and Using force or the threat of force.
There is an important exception under Section 18-1. It does not qualify as robbery when a person steals a motor vehicle. Illinois has separate laws governing the theft of motor vehicles, which qualifies as either [...]